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About Intellectual Disabilities
Eunice Kennedy Shriver
Board of Directors
Sports Federation Partnerships
Children and adults with intellectual disabilities inspire us every day at Special Olympics events around the world. But what are intellectual disabilities?
What is Intellectual Disability?
Intellectual disability (ID) is a term used to describe a person with certain limitations in cognitive functioning and other skills, including communication and self-care.
3 Min Read
Fragile X Syndrome
Fragile X is a genetic condition that affects a person’s development, especially behavior and the ability to learn.
6 Min Read
Down syndrome describes a set of cognitive and physical symptoms that result from having an extra copy or part of a copy of chromosome 21.
5 Min Read
Autism is a complex neurological and developmental condition that affects how a person learns, communicates and interacts with others.
4 Min Read
Other Intellectual Disabilities
There are many other types of intellectual disabilities -- some have known causes, while others remain unknown.
7 Min Read
How to Speak to Someone with a Disability
Consider these basic rules for communicating with a person with an intellectual disability.