Despite severe need and higher health risks, people with intellectual disabilities are often denied health services and die on average 16 years sooner than the general population.
Special Olympics Health, made possible by the Golisano Foundation, is creating a world where people with intellectual disabilities have every opportunity to be healthy.
Inclusive health means people with ID are able to take full advantage of the same health programs and services available to people who do not have ID.
Our goal is to improve access to quality health care for 11 million people with ID. The changes required to reach this milestone have the potential to unlock health care and services for all people with ID worldwide. When people with ID have access to health services, they also have more opportunities for education, employment, sports, and other pathways to reach full participation in society.
Impaired coping abilities and communication skills – common among people with ID – can mask health concerns. This can lead to a breakdown in the quality of health care and health education, for people with ID. Over the past two decades, Special Olympics has improved the health of people with ID around the world by collaborating with our athletes, health care providers, community organizations, universities, and governments.
Inclusive Health: Bridging the Gap
In 1997, Special Olympics Healthy Athletes® began offering free health screenings and education to Special Olympics athletes in a welcoming, fun environment. Since then, we have delivered over 2 million free health screenings and trained more than 260,000 health professionals and students to treat people with intellectual disabilities. These providers take these skills back to their practices and provide higher quality health care to people with ID – not just Special Olympics athletes – in their communities. We offer health screening in eight areas:
- Fit Feet (podiatry)
- FUNfitness (physical therapy)
- Health Promotion (better health and well-being)
- Healthy Hearing (audiology)
- MedFest (sports physical exam)
- Special Olympics-Lions Clubs International Opening Eyes (vision)
- Special Smiles (dentistry)
- Strong Minds (emotional well-being)
Jessica Licata, a swimmer from New Jersey, is a stronger competitor because of the prescription swim goggles she wears. A free Special Olympics Healthy Athletes vision screenings led the way to faster times. Improving the health of our athletes with intellectual disabilities is only one benefit of the program.
As many as 200 million people worldwide have an intellectual disability. Much of this population has little or no access to proper health care, even in nations with extensive health care systems or services for people with intellectual disabilities.
Special Olympics learned the extent of the problem among its athletes in 1995, the first year it offered free health screenings at its World Games. There, 15% of the athletes screened had such dramatic health conditions that they had to be referred to the emergency room for urgent care.
Worldwide, most people with intellectual disabilities receive inadequate or no healthcare. Healthy Communities is a model Special Olympics Health program made possible by the Golisano Foundation. The program addresses the severe health disparities faced by people with intellectual disabilities through immediate and long-term solutions.
Special Olympics Thailand
U.S. businessman and philanthropist Tom Golisano (far right) committed $12 million in 2012 to enable Special Olympics to make meaningful year-round changes in the lives of our athletes through the Healthy Communities program. In 2015, he and the Golisano Foundation committed an additional $25 million to grow Special Olympics’ health programs.
Healthy Athletes screenings have found that Special Olympics athletes are at increased risk of multiple, secondary health issues such as untreated tooth decay, obesity, poor hearing and low bone density.
As a sports organization, Special Olympics was in a unique position to help, and in 1997 opened a whole new world of health care to people with intellectual disabilities and their families worldwide by founding its Healthy Athletes program, offering free health screenings, services, and education.
Special Olympics swimmer Karina Bates of Merida, Mexico, prepares lunch for her family. Eating nutritious food is one way our athletes stay healthy and strong. Our Programs provide education in food selection and preparation that promote health.
Healthy Athletes screenings by volunteer health professionals are offered in vision, dentistry, podiatry, physical therapy and general fitness, audiology, healthy lifestyles and medical/sports physicals.
Victor Ifesinachi is a basketball player from Nigeria and received a free hearing aid at Healthy Athletes. Before, he never spoke, and the only way for him to communicate with his coach was to read lips and use the limited sign language that he knew. Immediately after getting his hearing device, he started talking and joking with his teammates.
Offered in a fun, welcoming environment, Healthy Athletes exams remove the anxiety people with intellectual disabilities often experience when faced with a visit to a doctor.
Healthy Athletes has provided more than 2.1 million free health screenings in more than 135 countries. We have given out more than 160,000 eyeglasses and trained 240,000 health professionals to better treat people with intellectual disabilities.
Hicham Novara, a swimmer from Morocco, had such poor vision, he was essentially blind. He had to hold his cell phone two inches from his eye to see it. But by the time he finished his eye screenings and was wearing corrective lenses, he was proudly showing the volunteers pictures of his friends on his phone—while holding it at arm’s length.
With Healthy Athletes, Special Olympics maintains the largest database of health information for people with intellectual disabilities in existence.
Healthy Athletes doesn’t simply benefit Special Olympics athletes. By training health care professionals worldwide who then go back to their practices with increased knowledge of and compassion for people with intellectual disabilities, Healthy Athletes is improving the care received by millions.
The success of Healthy Athletes depends on the support of the volunteer network of health care providers and community members offering opportunities of inclusion for people with intellectual disabilities. Together, we can all create a legacy of care.
Special Olympics is meeting with other organizations and individuals who share the idea that people with intellectual disabilities deserve full access to quality healthcare. The need is enormous but Special Olympics is determined to meet it.
Healthy Communities is a model Special Olympics program ensuring year-round access to health care and prevention programming. Special Olympics Programs receive Healthy Community recognition for efforts in creating year-round access to quality health care for people with ID. Through partnerships, fitness and wellness programs, and Special Olympics athlete leadership, we are paving the way for inclusive health. These are the current Special Olympics Programs recognized as Healthy Communities:
- New Jersey
- South Africa
A Generous Donation
The record of success and benefit of Special Olympics’ Health led U.S. businessman and philanthropist Tom Golisano to commit $12 million to expand Special Olympics’ health-related services and launch a new Healthy Communities initiative in 2012. In 2015, he and the Golisano Foundation committed an additional $25 million to grow Special Olympics Health.
To reach our goal of improving access to quality health services for 11 million people with ID around the world, we partner with health departments, ministries of health, and international organizations such as the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) in order to create sustainable health systems and services inclusive of all people with ID.
Staying physically active is an important part of training for sport and maintaining and improving overall health. The bridge between health and sports, fitness is optimal health and performance through adequate nutrition, hydration, and physical activity. We improve the fitness of our athletes by providing tailored tools for individuals, families, and Special Olympics Programs.
The Center for Inclusive Health
The Center for Inclusive Health is a virtual hub for health care providers, fitness and wellness professionals, professional associations, and businesses to find resources to become more inclusive. The Center for Inclusive Health is a powerful tool to help ensure people with ID are included in mainstream health policies, laws, programs, services, training, research, and funding streams.